Abbot’s Hall Farm

Activities and uses

  • Recreational area
  • Site of Special Scientific Interest
  • Has special protection due to housing rare birds and wildlife, such a the salt march solitary bee, water voles, adders, Brent geese, lapwing and red shanks.

Need for Management

  • In 1600’s there were 40,000 hectares of saltmarsh and now there are only 2,600
  • Loss of flora and fauna
  • The saltmarsh habitat is a natural sea defense
  • Heavy engineering in sensitive areas could damage the environment as well as being expensive

Low lying areas have been protected by a sea wall which has caused erosion of the marsh due to coastal squeeze. These walls are limited anyway because of sea level rise. Accretion of material in a saltmarsh can help counteract sea level rise.

Management ideas

Aims to

  • Support Essex wildlife trust
  • provide leisure and recreation facilities
  • show how farming and conservation can collaborate
  • show areas can be protected without hard engineering
  • increase the nursery for sea life


  • Sea wall was breached in 2002
  • Counter walls have been constructed at both ends of existing walls to protect the farmland
  • Creating new environments for aquatic life

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